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Islam and impacts on society and Arab

Islam is a monotheistic religion that originated in the Arabian Peninsula in the 7th century. The religion emerged during the lifetime of Prophet Muha

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Islam is a monotheistic religion that originated in the Arabian Peninsula in the 7th century. The religion emerged during the lifetime of Prophet Muhammad, who was born in Mecca in 570 CE. Muhammad received his first revelation from Allah (God) at the age of 40 and spent the rest of his life spreading the message of Islam.
Muhammad’s teachings were based on the principle of submitting oneself to the will of Allah to achieve salvation. Therefore, he called for the worship of one God.

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Arab society before Islam

Before the arrival of Islam in the Arabian Peninsula, the pre-Islamic Arabs were polytheistic and followed various religions and traditions. They worshipped idols and performed pilgrimage rituals at the Kaaba in Mecca, which was considered sacred even before Islam.
Society was divided into various tribes, and loyalty to one’s tribe was paramount. These tribes often fought conflicts and wars over resources and territory, leading to constant warfare and instability.

Before Islam, the Arabian Peninsula was characterized by various tribal and religious beliefs. The Arabian society was primarily based on a pastoral economy and trade, and the people were divided into tribes and clans, often engaged in inter-tribal conflicts and raids. Some significant religions in Arabia include polytheism, Judaism, Christianity, and Zoroastrianism. The status of women was generally low, and they were treated as inferior to men.In short, the condition of Arabs before Islam was characterized by a lack of unity, moral values, and social justice, with a strong emphasis on tribalism and idol worship.

Women  condition before Islam

Women were considered inferior and often oppressed; female infanticide was a common practice. In addition, there was no concept of human rights, and slavery was widespread.
Education and literacy were limited, and poetry was the primary means of communication. However, it was mainly restricted to the elite class.

Before Islam’s advent, women faced many social, economic, and cultural inequalities in many parts of the world. Some of the common conditions of women before Islam were:
1. Women were considered the property of their male relatives.
2. Women had no rights to inheritance or property ownership.
3. Women had no right to education or public office.
4. Women had no right to vote or participate in political affairs.
5. Female infanticide was expected in some societies, where baby girls were killed at birth or abandoned.
6. Women had limited access to healthcare and legal services.
7. Women had no say in whom they married and were often forced into marriages at a young age.
8. Women had no right to divorce or custody of their children.
9. Women were subject to physical violence and abuse from their husbands and family members.
Overall, women had a secondary status and limited rights and opportunities to lead fulfilling lives.

The arrival of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)

The arrival of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is a significant event in the history of Islam. According to Islamic belief, he was born in Mecca in Saudi Arabia, in 570 AD. However, he received his first revelation from Allah (God) through the angel Jibreel (Gabriel) at 40 while meditating in the cave of Hira.
The revelation of the Quran over 23 years forms the cornerstone of the religion of Islam. The Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) spent his entire life spreading the message of Islam, inviting people to worship one God, and leading by example in terms of moral conduct, kindness, and compassion.
He faced many challenges and trials during his lifetime, including persecution, rejection, and attempts on his life. However, despite these obstacles, the light of Islam could not be doused, and the Prophet continued to spread the message of peace and tolerance until he died in 632 AD.
To this day, the arrival of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) inspires Muslims worldwide to uphold Islam’s values and strive towards righteousness and good deeds.

Family Background of Beloved Prophet

The family of Prophet Muhammad before his arrival was known as the Banu Hashim clan, which was a prominent clan of the Quraysh tribe. The Banu Hashim clan was known for its prestige, nobility, and leadership in Mecca. In addition, the family was highly respected in Arab society for its wealth, lineage, and culture.
Prophet Muhammad was born into this prestigious clan in Mecca in 570 AD. His father, Abdullah, passed away before his birth, and his mother, Amina, died when he was only six. As he grew up, he was cared for by his paternal grandfather, Abdul Muttalib, and later by his uncle, Abu Talib.
Prophet Muhammad belonged to a family that was well-respected and influential in Mecca. He inherited the qualities of leadership and wisdom from his forefathers. His upbringing was shaped by the teachings and customs of Arab society, which emphasized the importance of loyalty, courage, and justice.
Despite being born into a noble family, Prophet Muhammad never became arrogant or proud. Instead, he was known for his humility, kindness, and compassion toward all people, regardless of their social status. These qualities made him beloved by those around him and would later shape his leadership style as a prophet and messenger of God.

 

Women’s grace in Islam today

After the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), women continued to play a vital role in Islamic society. With the spread of Islam, women’s rights and status improved significantly. The Prophet’s wives, such as Aisha, Umm Salama, and Khadijah, continued to be respected and revered as role models for Muslim women. The companions of the Prophet, including women such as Umm Waraqah, Umm Haram, and Fatima bint Asad, also contributed significantly to the development of Islamic culture and society.
Many women were scholars and teachers during the early Islamic period, and their knowledge and contributions were highly valued. Women, such as Fatima al-Fihri, founded educational institutions and contributed to developing Islamic sciences. Islamic jurisprudence has always included women as scholars of equal status to men, and there have always been female scholars in the field of hadith (Prophetic traditions).
In addition, Islamic law has provided women with many rights, including the right to own property, the right to education, and the right to choose their husbands and to divorce. The Quranic principle of equal reward for men and women for good deeds also reflects a high level of respect for women in Islamic society.

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